The "School of Good Governance and Policy Analysis" was established by the Government of Madhya Pradesh in September 2007. To achieve wider objectives the "School of Good Governance and Policy Analysis" got merged into "Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Good Governance and Policy Analysis". The Institute is a registered Society under Madhya Pradesh Society Registrikaran Adhiniyam, 1973. The apex body of the Institute is "Governing Body" and hon’ble Chief Minister, Madhya Pradesh is the chair person of the Governing Body. The Executive Body of the Institute is headed by Director General of the Institute.
The Institute is to act as a knowledge resource hub with the aim to i) facilitate a multi-disciplinary network of governance, ii) to recognise and promote research, good practices, and overall improvement in practices of governance globally, with focus on Madhya Pradesh with the help of professionals, organisations/associations in the relevant areas.